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Monday, July 30, 2007

Cấu trúc song song trong câu

43. Cấu trúc song song trong câu

Khi thông tin trong một câu được đưa ra dưới dạng liệt kê thì các thành phần được liệt kê phải tương ứng với nhau về mặt từ loại (noun - noun, adjective - adjective, ...). Ví dụ:

SAI ĐÚNG
Mr. Henry is a lawyer, a politician, and he teaches. Mr. Henry is a lawyer, a politician, and a teacher.
Peter is rich, handsome, and many people like him. Peter is rich, handsome, and popular.
The cat approached the mouse slowly and silent. The cat approached the mouse slowly and silently.
She like to fish, swim and surfing. She like to fish, to swim and to surf.
She like fishing, swimming and surfing.
When teenagers finish highschool, they have several choices: going to college, getting a job, or the army. When teenagers finish highschool, they have several choices: going to college, getting a job, or joining the army.
Tim entered the room, sat down, and is opening his book. Tim entered the room, sat down, and opened his book.

Tuy nhiên nếu thời gian trong các mệnh đề khác nhau của câu là khác nhau thì động từ cũng phải tuân theo qui luật thời gian. Lúc đó cấu trúc câu song song về thời của các động từ (như ví dụ ở dòng cuối bảng trên) không được áp dụng. Ví dụ:
She is a senior, studies every day, and will graduate a semester early.

Sẽ đặt Quảng cáo

Sounds of English (Phát âm)

The sounds in "heed" and "hid"

The sounds in "head" and "hate"

The sounds in "hot" and "hat"

The sounds of in "hoot" and "hood"

The sounds in "hoot" and "hut"

The sounds in "hoed" and "hoot"

The sounds in "ought" and "hot"

The sounds in "oy!", "how" and "height"

Reduced Vowel Sounds

The sounds in "bat" and "pat"

Nasal sounds

The sounds in English

The sounds in "did" and "ted"

r and l sounds in English

The sounds in "sit" and "zit"

The sounds in "fed" and "vittles"

The sounds in "git" and "kit"

Word Final Fricatives - Voiced and Unvoiced

The sound in "hat"

The sound in "wit"

The sounds in "chip" and "jet"

The sound in "yet"

The sounds in "ship" and "measure"

Voiced and Unvoiced

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